WHAT IS SOLAR POWER SYSTEM?
These are the solar panels which convert energy received from a natural resource such as Sun into electricity. The technology involved in this process is about collecting the photovoltaic cells, which then generate electricity through the photovoltaic effect, which is utilized for your home, industrial and commercial purpose.
The Solar Power System is a collection of solar cells where the maximum amount of light hits the cell the more electricity generated.
HOW DOES IT WORK?
Environmental consciousness acts as a natural nuclear reactor which releases tiny packets of energy called photons travelling through 93 million miles from the Sun to Earth in about 8.5 minutes. Every hour, a lot of photons impacts planet to generate enough solar energy to satisfy global energy needs for an entire year theoretically.
There are photons which hits the solar cells, to knock electrons free from atom hence generating a flow of electricity. Various cells together make up a solar panel, while multiple panels wired together will result in a solar array. Most of the solar panel made up using crystalline silicon solar cells.
TYPES OF SOLAR POWER SYSTEM
On Grid Solar Power System
These are the type of system which is having high usage in home, commercial and industrial purpose. Here the solar Power systems that only generate power when the utility power grid is available. They must connect to the network to function and can send excess of power generated back to the network when you are overproducing hence crediting for further usage.
There are three On grid system components, such as
Generates power for residential, commercial and industrial usage and excess electricity is sell to the government
Free of cost electricity for the next 25 years and five years payback time
Saves ample of electricity
No backup and system does not work when there is no electricity and supply from discom.
Off-Grid Solar Power System
An off-grid system does not connect to the electricity grid and hence requires battery storage. An off-grid solar system is a design which will generate enough power throughout the year and have enough battery capacity to meet the residential, industrial and commercial requirements, even in the depths of winter when there is dim sunlight.
It is a type of solar power system with a backup which works in day and night both, during the day, the solar panel charges the battery. At night Inverter runs your appliances, machineries, gadgets, agricultural and industrial devices using the battery power when the sun is not available.
No dependency on the government for electricity
Batteries are required to deliver electricity consistently throughout the day and night hence leads to high maintenance cost due to batteries
Surplus energy production could go to waste.
Batteries are highly expensive
Hybrid Solar Power System
Hybrid solar systems are known to generate power similarly as of the conventional grid-tie solar system, but it uses the unique hybrid inverters and batteries to store energy for the later usage. Their ability to saving energy has enabled it to act as a backup power supply similar to the UPS system. Hybrid systems combine solar power from a photovoltaic system with power generating energy source. Hybrid solar systems are the best way to use when the cost of electricity is high.
Allows you to store excess solar at less cost
Reduces the power consumption from the grid
Enable the advanced energy management
Price of batteries is high
Complicated installation and requires more space